IED Drone Kills Kurdish Soldiers, French Commandos
Kelsey D. Atherton
at 11:37 AM Oct 12 2016
IED Drone Kills Kurdish Soldiers, French Commandos
Peshmerga Soldier Near Erbil, Iraq, 2015
Tristan Bolden, Department of Defense, via Wikimedia Commons
Drones // 

On October 2nd, in Irbil, Iraq, a drone flown by ISIS killed two Peshmerga, or Kurdish soldiers, and injured two French paratroopers, who were supporting Kurdish force, according to French newspaper Le Monde. The attack is possibly the first where a drone fitted with an improvised explosive device has inflicted casualties on troops from a Western nation.

The two commandos were struck by the flying, booby-trapped drone, sent by a group linked to ISIS. The exact context/circumstances of the attack remain to be specified. The soldiers reportedly intercepted the drone before it exploded on the ground. This type of attack against French forces is in any case without precedent.

Unlike drones used by the United States for attacks, ISIS is converting small, cheap commercial models into one-way weapons. Kurdish forces spotted these drones at least as early as last winter. Iraq is not the first battlefield to see cheap drones. The Washington Post notes:

Drone use by militants and insurgent groups has steadily risen years as cheap off-the-shelf models have become easily acquired and simple to fly. In Ukraine, store-bought quadcopter drones are used on the front lines in the country's east by both government troops and Russian-backed separatists in primarily a reconnaissance role, helping locate trench lines and spot for artillery.
In Iraq and Syria, a host of insurgent and opposition groups have used the drones in similar roles, though there have been a few instances of the remotely piloted craft being used to drop what appear to be explosives. Insurgent groups, including the Islamic State, also use the vehicles to film propaganda videos.

In July, the Pentagon announced it was putting $20 million towards counter-drone weapons, citing the threat from ISIS. Shortly afterwards, pictures surfaced of an American-made anti-drone rifle in Iraq. Rather than destroying a drone with bullets, the Battelle Drone Defender stops drones by jamming GPS and radio signals, causing it to lose contact with its pilot and, ideally, land.

Going further, DARPA wants the United States to have anti-drone lasers by 2020, a goal every part of the military, from the Air Force to the Marine Corps, is independently working towards. Laser weapons are costly to build, but their appeals as an anti-drone weapon is that every shot of directed energy is cheap, so one laser system could shoot down many cheap drones, without spending expensive missiles or lots of bullets to do so.

In the meantime, people and police departments are exploring everything from elaborate net-guns to eagles as a way to take down drones. Jamming drones out of the sky is a popular alternative, and this summer West Point even trained cadets in a scenario with an anti-drone “cyber rifle.”

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